Berchemia discolor pdf
Overall, these locally sourced fruit species still play a significant role in the daily lives of the Mapulana people. The structures of compounds 1−5 were elucidated using various spectroscopic techniques. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. berchemia discolor pdf Berchemia discolor is a shrub or a tree m high; with a straight bole; rough, dark grey bark that flakes longitudinally; dense, rounded crown; slash yellow. Diversification is perceived as a strategy of coping with low soil fertility and high rainfall unpredictability .
Enjoy unrestricted access to all content and features, including: PDF viewer and download. To evaluate dynamics of elephant herbivory, we assessed seasonal preferences for woody plants by African elephant breeding herds in the southeastern part of Kruger National Park (KNP) between 2002 and 2005. Nutritional Value of Berchemia discolor: A Potential to Food and Nutrition Security of Households Author: Debela Hunde Feyssa, J.T. New TB cases have been estimated at 9.2 mil- lion during 2006, with 1.7 million MTB-related deaths. The current study therefore sought to collate, analyze, and describe such information. Motsentsela Berchemia discolor 8 2.5 Source: A Department of Crop Production and Forestry, Division of Planning and Statistics. Five new prenylated flavonoids (1−5) were isolated from the root bark of Berchemia discolor, collected in Tanzania, along with 10 known compounds, by bioactivity-guided fractionation.
The notion of 'indigenous' is of necessity a blurred concept, and is clearly a function of both time and political boundaries. Berchemia discolor 01; 30 35 Acacia 01; 30 28 The time taken for these types of wood is the sameFigure 5 .
The tree species list was compiled from data in the Tree Atlas of Namibia.
These fruits have good storage qualities and were either stored as such or the pulp ground into a powder called nugumo. Sixty three different beverageplant species were identified in three study areas within the - Limpopo province. This volume in the series is devoted to Africa, a continent that possesses a vast treasure of medicinal plants and has produced some exclusive materials for the world market. Berchemia discolor fruits, the modelled diets were nutritionally richer and culturally acceptable. Poles are used for the construction of houses, goats’ pens, field crop fences and repairs of the damaged furrows. A local fruit, Berchemia discolor, was found to contribute in a low cost manner to closing nutrient gaps in Kenya (Termote et al., 2013) and adapted to low input, resilient agriculture practiced by smallholder farmers INFOODS initiative: improving the quality, availability, reliability and use of food composition data. In Sub-Saharan Africa, traditional alcoholic fermentation of cereal and non-cereal based substrates into alcoholic beverages is deeply rooted in the society. The potential of South African plants in the development of new food and beverage products B.-E.
We assessed the response of Berchemia discolor to different scarification methods at the National Forestry Commission in Harare in 2013. Berchemia discolor Rhamnaceae Hemsley TREE MANAGEMENT Plant groups of trees in protected areas in well-drained soil. mucronata are some of the browse species available in the tropics, which can be used for feeding ruminants. Berchemia discolor Browsed by game 449 Brown ivory Bruin-ivoor Very good shade tree Fruit has high sugar and Vit. The fruits, resembling dates, are edible with sweet flesh surrounding 1-2 flat seeds.
tree because of over-collecting of bark to make dyes for the local basketry industry (Sullivan & Regan 2003). The genus Berchemia comprises important Chinese plants with considerable medicinal value; however, these plants are often misidentified in the herbal medicinal market.
They were also less expensive and met recommended nutrient intakes for women and for children between 12-24 months, especially in the wet season. I plan on expanding the business so I can offer more products made from Namibian fruits.
Fresh fruit can be fermented to make traditional brews.
Current efforts to increase the share of indigenous ownership include Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and Community-Based Tourism (CBT). The clarity, aroma, colour and acceptability of the wine is aided by the addition of sulfur dioxide. ENGLISH SUMMARY: Berchemia discolor is an indigenous African fruit tree species with potential in terms of commercialisation and domestication. It is observed that the charcoal of white oak is lighter than those of Acacia and Berchemia. edible fruits to local peoples from Berchemia discolor tree because of over-collecting of the bark to make dyes for the local basketry industry (Sullivan & Regan 2003). inadequate soil and climatic conditions (especially rainfall) and pests (termites, black beetles and borers). Berchemia discolor, also known as ‘wild almond’, is a shrub or a tree up to 20 m high with erect spread-ing branches making a heavy rounded crown. Hexane extracts were also active indicating that many of the antifungal components of these plants are non-polar compounds.
Five treatments: soaking seed in sulphuric acid, soaking seed in hot water after boiling, nicking using secateurs, and nicking combined with soaking in hot water, and a negative control were used. with the loss of available edible fruits to local peoples from Berchemia discolor. This web site was made possible, and remains online, through the continued kind support of the Namibian Tree Atlas Project.
Adding wild foods, especially Berchemia discolor, to the modeled diets resulted in a lower-cost diet, while meeting recommended iron intakes for women and chil - dren between 12 and 23 months of age. The sweet and tasty fruit of the bird-plum are eaten by people and animals, making it a highly valued tree. The aim of this study was to investigate the phytochemical properties of Eembe (Berchemia discolor); one of the underutilized indigenous plant in Namibia. discolor include acacia wood lands, grasslands, riverine vegetation mainly following Awash and Kesem Rivers and small streams and Gorgy areas. The limited availability of water resources for irrigation in many parts of the district, the lack of suppliers of seedlings and the lack of experience in their production affect the development of the cultivation of fruit trees. Ahmad Cheikhyoussef and Alfred Maroyi Aromatic and Medicinal Plants of Tunisian Arid and Desert Zone Used in Traditional Medicine, for Drug Discovery and Biotechnological Applications. Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia, Berchemia discolor and Lippia javanica were not only inhibitory to fungal growth but also had fungicidal effects against one or all the 3 fungi tested (MIC/MFC between 0.11 and 7.5 mg/ml).
Plant species were identified with potential to produce natural dyes of economic importance. The fact is they are found at both natural forests and fields for millet but not propagated by people intentionally. winter-rainfall, summer drought, windy, sandy acidic soils derived from sandstone, shale or granite. Total carbohydrates, crude protein , crude lipid, moisture and total ash contents of the fruit pulps ranged from 4.17-4.35%. 22, 2005 Research on Indigenous Knowledge and its Application: A Case of wild food plants of Zimbabwe Soul Shava Rhodes University, South Africa/National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Abstract Research on indigenous knowledge should go beyond documenting and interpreting it. Tourism is regarded as one of Namibia's key economic sectors that can diversify the economy and create employment, but due to the apartheid legacy the sector is highly dominated by the white minority.
In Chinese herb markets, different species under the same name are sold as dried roots. Indigenous fruit tree species play a role in the socioeconomic well being of small-scale farmers and rural communities.
The fruits are small drupes, usually 4-8mm wide and up to 20mm long.
KOZANAYI 1999 IES Working Paper 17 Published by the Institute of Environmental Studies, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe This study was supported by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) People And Plants Programme. Indigenous trees well suited to schools with Fynbos Gardens on slopes or foothills of mountains – i.e. The Androstachys dry forest patch at Maloka Ule covers about 20 km2 (estimated from 2013 satellite imagery). Van Wyk⁎ Department of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Species mentioned by respondents are used mostly as fresh fruit; the use of wild nuts and oil crops is not widespread. The method is a major benefit for laboratories that have to analyze a great number of samples per day.
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. Country wine is made from dried Eembe fruit (Berchemia discolor) using commercial wine yeast. Fermentation remains an important food preparation technique of health, cultural and economic importance throughout the world. discolor is a good tree to plant at or near watering points, as its roots are not aggressive. Carissa lanceolata (conkerberry) is a perennial woody shrub used in traditional medicine by indigenous communities in Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland for various medical conditions such as toothache, respiratory infections and the cleaning of sores, which all strongly indicate an antibacterial activity. A comparative analysis of the efficiency of activated carbon produced from Berchemia discolour seed shells derived activated carbon (BDSAC) and commercial grade activated carbon (Haycarb Carbon) was utilized in the adsorption of gold (iii) chloride from acidic medium. 2 World of Wood May-June 2011 World of Wood, published bimonthly by the International Wood Collectors Society, is devoted to distributing information on collecting wood, correctly identifying and naming wood specimens, and using wood in creative crafts.
The utilization of Berchemia discolor as a food plant, for various other uses including its medicinal applications forms the basis of the current demand for the plant species in Africa. Breeding herds had access to a variety of woody plants, and, of the 98 woody plant species that were recorded in the elephant's feeding areas, 63 species were utilized by observed animals. Other uses: The white inner kern are used as a vegetable ivory and can be seen as beautiful sculptures , the leaves of the palm are used for roof cover and for the weaving of baskets the colours of the baskets come from different plants, two plants used as dye are the Bird plum ( Berchemia discolor) and Gwarrie bos (Euclea divinorum). The knowledge pertaining to uses of indigenous wild plants and their conservation methods by the rural communities of the Limpopo Province (South Africa) is not fully reconnoitered. Total carbohydrates, crude protein, crude lipid, moisture and total ash contents of the fruit pulps ranged from 4.17-4.35%. BOTSWANA country report 10 Most deforestation occurs not through logging activities only, but also through collection of wood for fuel and the subsequent environmental degradation around villages and towns is very significant. In the second painting, Gouffres AmersGlasgow University 22 a reclining body is composed from enlarged corals and seaweeds; the means are reminiscent of the seventeenth century artist Giuseppe Archimboldo but the effect is of mortal decay.